Open Educational Resources (OER)

2. Ownership and Sharing

2.2. Public Domain, Open Source, and Fair Dealing

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Public Domain refers to content that is free to the public.  Anyone can retain, reuse, redistribute, revise, and remix the content without permission.  Intellectual property is not owned or controlled by anyone.  The author has freely given away all rights, the rights have expired, or the rights have been forfeited.

Image from Public Domain.

Open Source applies to software where the source code has been made freely available.  Open source allows for a method and a philosophy of licensing that encourages the use and improvement of the software by users.  

Open Source Initiative Logo.  Open Source Initiative.  From Wikimedia.  CC-BY 

Fair Dealing is a limitation and exception to the rights of control to an author as outlined in the Copyright Act. Found in many common law Commonwealth countries including Canada, fair dealing is not an invitation to freely copy at will.

Fair Duty.  Meera Nair.  https://fairduty.wordpress.com/resources/fair-dealing/. CC-BY-NC  

How do Open Educational Resources relate to the above rulings?