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All Rights Reserved
Material that is limited in terms of its availability and use. In Canada, some use of all rights reserved copyright items is permitted under Fair Dealing.
The process of recognizing the source of borrowed materials, regardless of whether it is all rights reserved copyright or open licensed. To create attribution under a CC license, you can use the Open Attribution Builder.
"Copyright is the exclusive legal right to produce, reproduce, publish or perform an original literary, artistic, dramatic or musical work. The creator is usually the copyright owner. However, an employer—for example, a film studio—may have copyright in works created by employees unless there is an agreement in place stating otherwise.
When you own the copyright in a work, you control how it is used in order to protect its value. Others who want to use the work have to buy or otherwise get your permission." (Canadian Intellectual Property Office, 2015)
Creative Common Licenses
There are six
"A US non-profit organization. A Creative Commons license is one of several public copyright licenses that allow the distribution of copyrighted works. It can be used when authors want to give people the right to share, use, and build upon a work they have created." (UNESCO, 2013)
This term is not typically used in Canada. In the United States the term refer to a new from of expression created from a pre-existing one; for example, a motion picture adapted from a book.
Digital Rights Management (DRM)
Digital rights management (DRM) is a systematic approach to copyright protection for digital media. The purpose of DRM is to prevent unauthorized redistribution of digital media and restrict the ways consumers can copy content they've purchased.
What is digital rights management (DRM)? - Definition from WhatIs.com searchcio.techtarget.com/definition/digital-rights-management
"eCampusAlberta is a consortium of 26 Alberta post-secondary institutions, which was established in 2002 to facilitate greater access to high-quality online learning opportunities." (eCampusAlberta, 2016)
Canadians are permitted to use limited sections of an all rights reserved copyright protected work as long as the use is considered "fair." For educational use, fair typically means following a set of guidelines; for example, many colleges and universities permit the copying of 10% of a book or a full chapter, one article from a journal etc. Check with your institution to see what your copyright policy is. You must still credit the source.
The US-version closely related to Canada's Fair Dealing.
In its most general sense, a fair use is any copying of copyrighted material done for a limited and “transformative” purpose, such as to comment upon, criticize, or parody a copyrighted work. Such uses can be done without permission from the copyright owner.
What Is Fair Use? - Copyright Overview by Rich Stim - Stanford ... fairuse.stanford.edu/overview/fair-use/what-is-fair-use/
Massive Open Online Course
(MOOCs) are online courses aiming at large-scale participation and open access. They May use OER as content. (UNESCO, 2013)
"Moodle is a [Learning Management System], or learning platform designed to provide educators, administrators and learners with a single robust, secure and integrated system to create personalised learning environments." (Moodle, 2016)
Open Courseware (OCW)
"publicly available materials that are either a part of, or a complete course from an educational institution such as a university or college." (UNESCO, 2013)
Open Educational Resources
"Open Educational Resources (OERs) are any type of educational materials that are in the public domain or introduced with an open license. The nature of these open materials means that anyone can legally and freely copy, use, adapt and re-share them. OERs range from textbooks to curricula, syllabi, lecture notes, assignments, tests, projects, audio, video and animation." (UNESCO, 2013)
Refers to a program in which the source code is available to the general public for use and/or modification from its original design. (UNESCO, 2013)
The public domain, in intellectual property (IP) law, is generally said to consist of intangible materials that are not subject to exclusive Intellectual Property rights and which are, therefore, freely available to be used or exploited by any person.
From World Intellectual Property Organization. http://www.wipo.int/portal/en/
Some Rights Reserved
An item that is typically safe to use because it is released under alicense.
An acronym for Title, Author, License, Source, the key elements needed when creating attribution for an open resource.